(from an article I wrote for The Druid Network)
Druidry, perhaps more than any other strand of Paganism in the wide weave of spiritual traditions, takes the environment into consideration on so many levels. Druidry – most commonly believed to be from the old Irish words dru and wid meaning “oak knower”, or even the Proto-European deru and weid “oak-seeker” acknowledges this communion with nature in the very roots (pardon the pun) of the word. Heathenry – one from the heaths, or Wicca (most commonly believed to be from the Saxon wicce, to bend or shape, as a willow branch can be bent or shaped into something quite beautiful) have similar nature-orientated origins, however, the communication between the natural environment and the Druid is even closer simply in the name…
How do Druids view their environment? Many, if not most Druids are animistic, believing in the essential spirit of everything, whether it be rock or tree, raindrop, beetle, horse or the sea. There is a sense of consciousness in everything. When I use the word consciousness, I don’t mean in the scientific sense of the last two centuries, where it was used to differentiate between humans and other animals and also “non-sentient” beings. Consciousness, to me, is a part of the greater whole web of life, where threads are woven together, separate but still connected. It is what makes something what it is – whether it is the rose, a cloud or the moon. It is its own inherent identity, or, more poetically, its own song that makes it what it is.
With that sense of consciousness in all things, it is much harder for the Druid to disregard any aspect of the environment. No longer are wildflowers plucked for their beauty, to die within days on our dining room table. No longer is it an option to squash the spider in the living room who seeking warmth from the coming winter. Our entire perception is changed once we view the environment both as having its own consciousness and as we do so conscientiously. We gain both a greater and broader view of the web of existence, at the same time as finding our own place within it. How wonderful is that?
That world view brings with it a responsibility. No longer are we allowed to remain ignorant in the ways of our own environment. If we are to view it as a whole, then we must truly see every part that we also play within it. If the whole of nature has a spirit, then issues arise such as the taking of a life for food. Many within Druidry are vegetarian, if not vegan, and yet there are still many others who eat the flesh of an animal. Some do so, claiming that ethically raised and slaughtered animals for food are perfectly acceptable to put on our plates. In my own vision of Druidry, the damage caused to the environment by the raising of animals for food does not allow that luxury of thinking. It takes much more energy and resources to raise animals for food than it does to plant in the same amount of land a sustainable, organic crop for food. In giving up animal meat and animal products for both food and other commodities, we are caring more for our environment and also, at the same time, sacrificing our ignorance of the weighty issues behind such matters to become fully aware. We must accept responsibility for our part.
The word environment has many meanings, however. Our immediate response to the word is the natural environment – nature. There are many other environments, however – little worlds created by human consciousness. We have our work environment, our home environment, our villages, communities and cities. There is the issue of human to human interaction as well as interaction with nature (though as humans are a part of nature, I realise that I am contradicting myself in some ways, but please bear with me). Our own sense of self, or self-awareness, creates a thorny path through which we must navigate carefully, in order not to injure ourselves or others. Unless one lives as a hermit, the Druid will have interaction with other human beings, some Druids, some not. As with the Druid relationship with nature, sensing the inherent consciousness within it, Druidry teaches us that same sense of consciousness in human interactions. I admit – it is a lot easier for some people to respect an old oak tree than most human beings, however to be fully aware of our relationship with others we must act with a certain sense of honour, that same sense of honour, in fact, that we give to nature. We may not like some human beings, much in the same way we may not like broccoli, but we still acknowledge and respect their place in the wider web.
So how do we relate to our environment? Within Druidry, there is a beautiful Welsh word, awen. Various meanings range from flowing water to divine inspiration. I prefer the inspirational route, however, this is not an “out of the blue” inspirational experience, but one that is crafted through time and dedication to one’s environment to develop a rapport with both nature and inspiration itself, until they both work hand in hand. To the Druid, inspiration lies all around us in the environment, whichever environment that may be. The word – inspiration – to inspire, breathe in. Breathing in must, of course, be followed by breathing out – exhalation. Breathing is the most primitive and simplest way we relate to our environment, and the most effective way of remembering that we are a part of it. The air that we breathe is also the air our ancestors breathed 50, 100, 1000 years ago. It is also the air that the willow, alders and yew trees exhaled 50, 100 or 1000 years ago. The wasp breathes in the same air, the grasses and wildflowers exhaling into the deepening twilight. We can relate to our environment by simply remembering how to breathe, what we breathe and how it is all connected. From that, we literally gain inspiration, as well as being inspired by it. The inspired Druid then exhales that inspiration, whether it be a song to the darkening skies before a thunderstorm, giving thanks before partaking in a meal, writing a symphony, throwing paint at a wall or dancing in the light of the moon. This establishes a communication between the Druid and the environment – speaking to each other, even if it is without words.
We relate to our environment though inspiration, and we are all related, as the Native American proverb says. It isn’t simply communication with our environment, but a soul-deep sense of relativity – we are all related. By being related, this instills within us a sense of responsibility, of caring for the environment, whichever one it may be. If we see that we are related to the badgers living in the brown-land area soon to be re-developed, then we also see that we must take action to ensure that they are safe. If we see that we are related to the food that we eat, we will ensure that we eat organically and, if possible, grow our own food as much as we can to develop that relationship even further. If we see that we are related to our neighbour next door, we are more likely to establish an honourable connection to them and the rest of the community. It creates a sense of caring for the environment and all within it, and it is no easy task.
The challenge that faces the Druid is to see clearly these relationships, and to act honourably in all regards. If this challenge is accepted, then the worldview is broadened considerably, as is the environment. The web of life will shimmer with inspiration along every thread. May it do so for you, all my relations.
I have an issue with your post. Humans evolved to eat meat. If eating meat was “bad for the environment,” as you say, then why have we evolved to do so? I know many Druids (within ADF) who eat meat. I literally become ill if I don’t have animal protein. The debate of vegetarian vs. carnivore has been argued many times within my ADF tradition. We have learned to agree to disagree.
Humans are omnivores. We eat plants and meat. It isn’t really natural for a human to not eat meat. In fact, some Druids buy local meat from farmers, cutting down on environmental impacts caused by transport. Some of them hunt their own meat, making their hunting more than a hobby and part of their spirituality. They thank the animal for its sacrifice. (Speaking of sacrifice, the ancient Druids probably did make animal sacrifices, which we don’t do anymore either.)
This is just my opinion, and you are free to disagree.
I’m not so sure that we have evolved to eat meat – my argument is that it is better to grow an organic, sustainable crop on land than it would be to raise animals, environmentally speaking. The feed that we have to provide the animals, as well as any treatments and watering far outweighs what would be needed for an organic crop. That is the environmental concern.
I really don’t have an issue with people who hunt for meat – it’s just to me, it’s unecessary these days. However, the argurment which I cannot ignore is the food miles that vegetarians incur, whereas living in a hunter/gatherer sort of way insures a much lower carbon footprint. I’ve also known vegans who only eat locally sources food – ie. native food grown on British soil. It’s a tough choice, and neither is right or wrong, I suppose – it’s the individuals choice as to what works best for both them and the environment.
Yet, there is not enough space on the planet to grow organic food to feed 7 billion people. Acres of forests would need to be cut down. Not to mention that all the nutrients would be sucked out of our Earth, meaning the organic crops just couldn’t last for very long.
Also, a cow raised organically versus a cow raised in a factory farm produces 8% LESS milk, meaning that it takes 25 organically raised cows to produce the milk of 23 conventionally raised ones. This organically raised cow also releases 16% MORE greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.
Please see http://www.wired.com/science/planetearth/magazine/16-06/ff_heresies_03organics for more info.
Yikes – those statistics sadden me all the more!
Not really wanting to get into the eat meat or not debate. But what happens to these other ‘sentient beings’, if we don’t keep them for our exploitation?
I have cattle, sheep, hens and they are expensive to maintain. But if they were of no use other than as ornaments, then I am afraid that I would not keep them and they would be down to the local abattoir poste haste! I think that this course of action would apply to most animal husbandmen/women.
Being a Weaver and a Crofter, I do appreciate that we are all in it together, man, beast and environment and that it is necessary for us to exist in harmony. As a weaver, it would be exceedingly difficult to ply my trade, unless others were involved producing the yarn that I need to weave my cloth, which I then return for finishing at the mill. So I do appreciate that co-operation between one another is a must. This extends to working within the environment to improve it. Not only for my needs, but also for the needs of other creatures. Because I am conscious of the environment, I refuse to dip my sheep in organophosphate dip, which is then released into the land when the dips are emptied. Instead I inject my sheep, for their well- being, which is an added expense.
From time to time, I have had to end the suffering of a creature and it is not something that comes easily to me, but recognizing that the creature is a fellow being, I stay with it until it has slipped away.
In like manner, when I slaughter an animal for food, I do it with great reverence and appreciation.
Congratulations on another thought provoking post.
And an excellent comment!
I am always very torn about the commercial production of animals. We have become a society that is meat dependent, and I think in ways many people have become physically meat dependent. Last year around this time I tried to jump into a fresh fruit and veggie diet, and I really found how much I felt I needed meat. I have since found a nice balance and eat a great deal less meat than I did.
Commercial meat production is also a big part of economic structure. Here in western Canada it is huge. But it is also disgusting. I worked in a slaughter house for 6 months – 4000 head of cattle a day went through there.You could feel the death in that place.
I think that finding balance with it is key. Its a social issue, but each of us can find that balance within our own lives, to make that small difference.
Beyond that, I agree with every word of your post. My belief is that all things are connected, that we are part of a great All. The air I breath here in BC will affect the air you breath over the pond. If each of us does what we can to nurture that connection, life will be richer for every molecule in existence.